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CAUTION. -I hereby caution the
Public against giving Credit to my Wife, Ann Dolany,- as 1 will not be rosponsiblo for any Debts she may contract uftur'tbis Notice
JOHN" DEL ANY.
WHEREAS my Wife, Sophia Jane
, has absconded from her home with- out any just cause or piovocation, all Porsons aro hereby cautioned against giving her credit on my account, ts I will not'bo responsible for any debts
by her contracted.
ANDREW JAMES . Wilberforce, May 3, 1830.
Andrew Gardiner was transported to New South Wales after being convicted
at Oxford in 1818. He arrived on the 18th November 1818, aboard
the ship Shipley .He was born in Scotland and occupation was listed as a
herd man. Aged 25, he was a short stocky man with a height
off 5ft, 21/4 inches tall. Hazel eyes, brown hair and a dark pockpitted
Andrew was first sent to Wilberforce and served his sentence under Rev. Samuel Marsden, firstly as a farm labourer, and then as an overseer on one of Marsdens property. Marsden was known as the flogging parson, and was one of the pioneers of the sheep industry. Andrew was granted his ticket of leave on 8th July 1824, and then his sentence expired the following year and he gained his freedom.
He married Sarah Perry at St. Johns Church Parramatta on 7th December 1825. In 1826 they had a son named John and in 1827 they had a daughter. In 1827 he applied for a grant of land. He stated that he was residing at Antonio Creek, and that he owned 50 head of cattle worth 50 pounds and cash on hand of 100 pounds. Antonio Creek was a grazing district near Sodwalls.
In 1827 Gov. Brisbane granted Andrew 640 acres of land at Antonio Creek. The land had previously been promised to Anthony Hordern back in 1824, but he requested that it be given to Gardiner.
In the 1828 census Andrew Gardiner and his wife was well established at Antonio Creek. They had four servants, had cleared 8 acres and had increased their herd to 145. They called the property Berry Farm. They were blessed with 2 children by this stage. John was born in 1826 and Mary was born in 1828.
In the 1828 census, Andrew was employing 4 servants, had cleared 8 acres and was running 145 head of cattle. He also had established an accommodation house on his farm in 1827, which he called 'Gardiner's Inn', at which he sold liquor and supplies to travellers.
This would have meant that Andrew was absent from 1828 to 1830. How he managed then to get allocation of resources for the Inn at Blackheath is a mystery.
'The Scotch Thistle Inn' (1831) was the first building in Blackheath. It was built by ex-convict Andrew Gardner, who had originally been transported to Australia for the sale of 'spiritous liquors' without a licence.
In 1829 Andrew Gardiner, a prosperous Scottish farmer and former convict
residing at Sodwalls, 17 miles (27 kilometres) west of Blackheath,
selected 20 acres (eight hectares) for which Governor Darling granted
permission on 1 December 1829 for 'a special reserve for the purpose of
erecting an Inn thereon'. Gardiner took possession of the land on 20 May 1830 and
after some delay in getting suitable men for the erection of the
building, he opened the Scotch Thistle Inn on 11 July 1831. It was
described as 'a substantial single storeyed Inn …of hewn stone, with a
shingle roof.' The Scotch Thistle Inn must have been thriving within a
short time, as it was listed in a Directory in the following year. Despite this, in September 1832 the naturalist George
Bennett described Blackheath as 'truly a dismal, bleak-looking place.'
The inn was the only building in
the area until a convict stockade was constructed in 1844. In 1846,
Lieutenant Colonel Godfrey Charles Mundy wrote,
The settlement of Blackheath consists of a convict stockade under charge of that officer, and a pretty good inn Gardner's…The barracks and convict 'boxes' form a little hamlet of some two dozen buildings of white-washed slabs with tall stone chimneys.
In April 1849 the land was subdivided and when the railway line was completed in 1868 there were still a few stockade buildings. Today nothing remains of the stockade but the foundations of the Commandant's house have been found beneath part of Blackheath primary school.
During the 1840's there was a stockade based at Blackheath and no doubt, the Inn flourished from the trade.
Gardiner applied for land at Mt Victoria in 1835, but the land was
granted to William Cummings. (if the applicant was Andrews son John
was 10 years old!)
33 Cook, One hundred acres or less, parish unnamed, on Mount Victoria. Applied for by John Andrew Gardiner Price 5s per acre.
The Plough Inn was licensed by Andrew Gardiner at Mt Victoria for 1837, 1838, and 1840.
|In 1836 and advertisement was inserted. John Gorden was been looking after the Scotch Thistle Inn at Blackheath and that he intended to lease it. Hence he had effectively taken over the running in 1833.|
Then in 1841 the Inn known as Gardiners Inn was advertised for
sale. Term of lease was to expire on July 1841. The Inn was
situated on Flanagan's Block.
Tuesday 20 April 1841
Research and Reference items
|3093/1861 GARDINER ANDREW father JOHN mother ELIZABETH died at HARTLEY|
|4486/1866 GARDINER ESTHER J father GEORGE mother MARY at HARTLEY|
6609/1875 GARDINER SARAH AGE 72 YEARS DIED ANTONIOS CREEK HARTLEY
V18253697 3B/1825 GARDINER ANDREW TERRY SARAH CB
V18273131 45B/1827 GARDINER MARY A ANDREW SARAH
V18263130 45B/1826 GARDINER JOHN A ANDREW SARAH
GARDINER, Andrew. Per "Shipley", 1818
On return of convicts in the employ of Revd Samuel Marsden; from Nov 1818 (Reel 6064; 4/1789 p.78a)
On list of Crown servants mustered in the employ of Revd Samuel Marsden; in 1822 (Fiche 3143; 4/1843A No.511 p.361)
|Andrew Gardiner died in1861. His father was listed as John and mother Elizabeth.|
B/1827 GARDINER MARY A ANDREW SARAH
1826 GARDINER JOHN A ANDREW SARAH
Andrew James Gardiner
Birth: about 1790 -- Perth, Perthshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
Andrew was sentenced
to 7 years transportation at the Perthshire Court of Judiciary on 16 Apr
1818. His crime was not recorded. He was described as a miller, aged 28,
and his father was an engineer. He was transported about the ship
'Shipley' which arrived in the colony on 18 Nov 1818.
Andrew was granted 640
acres in 1827 by Governor Darling, at Antonio's Creek, near Hartley
close to the bottom of Victoria Road, between Old Bowenfels and Rydal
and ran into the Fish River.
Andrew called his inn the 'Scottish Thistle'. An original corner stone with a thistle carved on it is exhibited at History House at Wentworth Falls. The licence was granted to sell liquor on 3 Jul 1833 for a fee of £25 pounds, but was backdated 2 years, as was the custom with new establishments. Andrew built another inn at the bottom of the Victoria Pass called the 'Plough Inn' in 1836. The licence was granted in 1837.
In 1796 a system of licensing was introduced which permitted honorary bench magistrates to grant liquor licenses to persons who could enter into a bond of £20, and find two sureties of £10 that they would be of good behaviour. But in 1825 a new Act was implemented to regulate the Granting of Licenses for the Sale of Spirits, Ale, Beer, and other Liquors .
In 1842, Mr Kibble
held the Plough Inn at Hartley..
16 December 1861 (Age 71)
Hartley, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
Note: The cairn on the Great Western Highway opposite the Blackheath Railway Station to commemorate the naming of Blackheath by Lachlan Macquarie on 15 May 1815 was built in 1939 from stone used in Andrew's original sandstone inn.
South Bowenfels, Central Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia